Human is unknown to global warming ??

Material development is making us blind.

The dangerous effects of global warming are now clearly visible. The effect of this is that summers have started spewing fire and winters have started feeling hot. Because of this, glaciers are melting rapidly and increasing the sea level at a rapid rate. In such a situation, the fear of drowning in many parts of the world and metropolitan cities has increased rapidly. This has been disclosed by the American National Academy of Science. In his study, he has explained in detail the impact of global warming on seven cities in the world. The academy has released its findings based on two and four-degree increases in temperature. It has been claimed that the temperature has increased by two degrees. If its temperature rises by four degrees, then Mumbai will be absorbed in the Arabian Sea.

The ever-changing nature of the environment has undoubtedly forced one to think about the increasing consequences. Ozone gas is being depleted due to the ever-increasing emissions of industrial gases and the rapid reduction in forest cover. The effect of this unusual change is visible in the form of climate changes taking place on a global scale. The effects of diseases on human health have increased due to the ultraviolet rays of the sun.

Due to this continuous increase in the global temperature, the glaciers of the world are melting rapidly. For example, the melting of the Doomsday Glacier in Antarctica has already become a cause of concern for scientists. If the water level in the ocean continues to rise due to the rapid melting of glaciers, then the increasing area and water level of the oceans will one day submerge the coastal sites, parts and islands. These conditions are causing a major crisis in India due to the melting of Himalayan glaciers. For this reason, the outbreak of severe floods increased rapidly during the famous Ambernath Yatra of India.

Human beings are responsible for the imbalance of nature.

The melting of glaciers has been going on for centuries, but due to various attacks on the environment, their scope is increasing every year. Glaciers were constantly covered with snow due to heavy rain and snowfall. Due to the cold weather, instead of rain, snowfall occurred in the upper areas, it can be estimated that the onset of glacier melting occurred in 1930, with this the weather changed its course and the snowfall started decreasing. It also affected glaciers. Instead of increasing, they first stabilized, and then the range of melting glaciers started increasing. This glacier has been melting every year at the rate of five to twenty meters in the last two decades.

All human society has to be aware of global crises like global warming. We have to understand nature. Today’s situation has to be seen carefully that the irregular mode of rain is a matter of great concern. The evidence of a cloud burst-like situation has increased a lot. It is not raining everywhere but it is becoming like filling water in a balloon. At one place, this balloon explodes and creates havoc. Many cities get submerged by rain. Plastic is a major contributor to this situation to a large extent. We need to reduce the unintended way of plastic. We have to find a worthy alternative to plastic. This option can be solved with bamboo. A lot of research is needed on bamboo.

There are a total of 9975 glaciers in the Indian Himalayas. Of these, 900 glaciers are in the Himalayas only. More than 150 rivers originate from these glaciers, which are giving life to 40 per cent of the country’s population. Now there is a crisis in front of this large population. In recent days, the pictures that have come out in the forests of the world are a new threat to the glaciers. There has been a fire in the forests before. But such a terrible fire is quite dangerous. Due to the smoke of the fire, the raw snow on the glacier starts melting rapidly. This will have wide-ranging consequences. Black smoke will accumulate on glaciers in the form of carbon, which will not allow new ice to settle on them in the future. Along with this, how harmful air is being continuously released into the atmosphere in thermal power plants? The effect of which proved to be the cause of human cancer. Do we think of it as development? In the name of development, nature has been exploited.

Extensive research and research are being done on the melting of glaciers all over the world, but there is no visible way to control it. Some environmental conservators working on these dire situations have started indicating the dangers of global warming for many countries of the world. This is not only a sign, in the coming few days, but the crisis of global warming will also prove to be like Corona.

It is our primary duty to save nature.

At the same time, the question arises as to how the world will counter it. The latest study from satellite imagery of the Indian Space Research Institute has collected data on 466 glaciers, which show that their size has decreased by 30 per cent since 1962. Many large glaciers have broken up into smaller pieces and are all melting rapidly. One of the largest glaciers in the region is melting at a rate of 170 feet every year. The world is worried about the melting of Himalayan glaciers, especially because of its impact on India and neighbouring countries, Himalayan glaciers are considered the main source of the water supply in South Asia. They provide water to dozens of rivers, which sustain the lives of crores of people, and are the basis of their living.

Their rapid melting means a shortage of drinking water and a crisis in agricultural production. At the same time, they also give rise to problems like floods and diseases. With very large numbers the production of gas like greenhouse will increase along with the world population. Whatever the case, the impact of this climate change due to human intervention will be very dire for the whole world.

Lack of scientific knowledge can also increase this danger. The data on the impact of rivers is so low that we cannot understand to what extent the melting of glaciers will affect the rivers. Glaciers around the world are considered a barometer of global warming. The whole world is facing water and air change due to the effect of greenhouse gases. A study conducted in India found that the average temperature of the Northwest Himalayas has increased by 2.2 degrees Celsius over the past two decades. This figure is much more than the increase in the hundred years before that. The study also predicts that as these glaciers melt, the risk of floods will increase, natural disasters will occur and rivers will dry up after that.

The blame for this can only be attributed to the world’s industrialization and the convenience of lifestyles, which include increasing vehicles and the expansion of air-conditioning equipment – which are emitting gases that are dangerous for ozone as well as glaciers. We are failing to ban them. Stopping global warming is not directly in our hands, but we can reduce the impact of increasing pollution on glaciers by stopping the rapidly increasing human activities in the glacier area. Apart from completely banning human activities in this area, there are many such techniques, which can save glaciers and ice for a long time.

Snow harvesting should also be done. Large ingots of ice can be buried in the rubble, which can keep the ice alive for a long time. Now there is a need to adopt these old measures again, as well as develop new techniques. There is a need to go so that this big crisis can be avoided. The dangers looming over human life can be controlled. Now we should be careful and alert – otherwise, where will this crisis not become more serious.


Attitude of gratitude 2

वसुधैव कुटुम्बकम्।

Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.

Indian culture has introduced the principle of the ‘family system’ to the whole world for centuries. which is not limited to mere animals. It includes every component of the variable-constant, inert-conscious nature. The harmony between human life and nature has been its motto, in which there has been a sense of being a part of nature that only as much as is necessary should be taken from it. Due to the creation of the universe from the basic elements like air, water, earth, fire, and sky, special attention has been paid to their purity and pollution-free in Indian philosophy and thinking. Our culture warns that environmental protection is possible only by maintaining natural balance, which can save us from the present and future consequences.

The respectable vision of coexistence with nature, harmony and cordial motherhood is the law of Indian culture. Our ancient yogis lived in the forests and studied the thoughts of a higher level of life. We have neither had any conflict with nature nor our culture was created by ideas like conquering nature. Where there is a feeling of a victorious, controlled regulator, there will be a struggle. Gandhiji had rightly said that nature has the means to fulfil the needs of all, but not to fulfil the desires. Indian culture prohibits longing, so that exploitation of nature can be stopped.

Throwing light on the Indian vision of the environment, the poet Tagore says that the forest and natural life in India gave a definite direction to human life, human life was in constant contact with the growth of natural life. He developed his consciousness from the surrounding land, he felt the connection between the spirit of the universe and the soul of man. This harmony between man and nature gave birth to peaceful and better ways of self-sacrificing the environment.

AtharvaVeda says,

Indian culture has a special sense of environmental protection. Talking about living according to the laws of nature, Yajurveda says that looking at the beauty of the goddess of nature, and getting happiness from her, is the poetry of God in the embodiment. Atharvaveda says O Earth! All the small and big beings roaming on your earth, in which human beings are also included, have been born from the part of the Supreme Father, the Supreme Soul. May they get nourishment in the form of happiness from water, wind and solar energy.

According to Shrimad Bhagwat, we are all playing toys of God and a special purpose has been sent to make His creation beautiful. We are all brothers and sisters born of that one Supreme God, we are part and parcel of it. If this feeling continues, then there will be a spontaneous feeling towards nature and in such a situation there will be neither environmental pollution nor exploitation of nature.

Survey Bhavantu Sukhin.

Similarly, in Shanti Path, there is a sense of the importance of the environment as well as measures to avoid the terrible consequences caused by the wrath of nature. According to Shantipath, air should be a form of happiness for us. Parjanya Dev, who roars very well after drying up the sun, may also be happy for us and rain well. May the space world and the earth world be soothing. May water, medicines and plants give peace, may all the gods, Brahma and everything else be peaceful. May the peace which is spread everywhere in the world, be available to all. May everyone experience equal peace.

In Vedic culture, which has divine faith in every component of the universe, the fundamental elements like earth, air, water, sky, moon and sun, etc., which prepare the environment, have been named deities. For the protection of these elements which nourish our body and life, it has been ordered to be devoted to body, mind and wealth. Their purification, the sense of purity, and giving thanks are paramount.

The human body is a wonderful creation. This body is made up of five elements. Which is the origin of the Annamaya kosha from the earth element. Gravitational force is also the basis of this. The pranamaya kosha is made up of the air element. Considering the importance of the environment, there has been a law to remember the five elements in the morning. In the Vamana Purana, it is felt that the earth with its fragrance, water with its flow, fire with its radiance, space with its sound and air with its tactile quality may also bless our mornings.

The hymn of Yajurveda also reveals the importance of the environment and says that for those who wish to accept moral limits, may this air be pleasant for them, the water streams should be happy for them. Let the plants be happy for all of us living an ethical life. May the night be happy for us and let this morning be happy for us, O Creator! May the earth and heaven be happy for us. May the forest god be happy for us, and may the sun god be happy for us.

It is clear from the passage of Vedic hymns that in ancient times, how much importance our sages used to give to nature and the environment. Nature nourishes life and a healthy environment is the basis of our existence, and the sages used to worship and worship nature in the form of a deity, calling it Parameshwari.

Environmental protection is an important campaign. In its direct form, the promotion of greenery, purification of water sources and in indirect form the Yagya Abhiyan are innovative initiatives to balance nature and the environment, in which the voices of ancient sages are heard. Experience the part consciousness of the Supreme Lord in the various components of nature, then only a sensitive attitude towards animals and plants will be developed. It is our responsibility not only to use the various components of nature but also to conserve it. Leaving an aggressive attitude towards groundwater, forest, land, rivers, etc., pay attention to their development and behave with respect towards them. In this lies the solution-formulas of nature and environmental protection, which our culture has been rendering since time immemorial

have you ever thought??

Sir Malthus had warned that the current rate of population growth should be banned, otherwise humanity is preparing for fierce natural adequacy. Population growth is currently making a new problem for nature. Grain production is increased even if the development of all irrigation tools, increasing the amount of chemical manure, even if the maximum land is made of agricultural qualified, then the production mathematical calculation i.e. in 77, 2, 76 in 3 and 80 in 76 will increase at the same speed and a situation comes. Will go, when it will reach the break, what will happen at that time?

where are we all going?

Then the ‘catastrophe theory’ of nature will begin. Sir Malthus has said that, if a man does not act wisely to stop the population, then nature itself will be ready for annihilation. It is good that people live a moderate life, but if that is not possible, then they should be ready for destruction from now on like pre-war manoeuvres.

The look is an island in Indonesia. There was a famine in 1966. The inhabitants there had made many efforts to save a life by eating the bark of plants, grass, algae etc., in 6 months ten thousand people perished in the starvation stomach. This happened when the means of communication of all the earth are very developed and one country gets help from other countries, But when all the countries are affected by this problem then no one will help anyone. According to Malthus’s theory at that time – then people would not hesitate to kill even ten men to get one kilo of maize flour.

Considering the problem of hunger, in the year 1666, Secretary-General U Thant (U.N.O.) had told in a report that 2 lakh children died every year in India only because they did not have the basic facilities of nutrition. Could be If the production of food is limited and the number of eaters is increasing, then this situation can take a worse form.

Food is not only the right of human beings but other animals and animals are also included. In this episode, dacoits also rob him, these dacoits are rats. At the time of the 1966 census, there were 1 billion and 600 million rats in India, if every rat steals ten pounds of grain every year, then about 8 billion quintals of grains will not agree without eating it, then naturally humans get angry on them and eat wild animals. will start. This too, as soon as the forest ends, the living beings will cease to exist in the same way, then man will eat man, whether it is direct or indirect. Just as the light at sunrise gives a sense of sunrise, in the same way these problems are the first chapters of the upcoming population explosion. Microbiological radiation i.e. covid 19 is also the result of this. Many natural problems will take a formidable form. The war between Ukraine and Russia is also producing the same result.

Population growth was given the first place in the world plan for the future by economists Arthur C. Clark, Prof. Charles Buck and Mr Fuller. And accordingly, a program has been made to fully employ the present and future scientific achievements in the achievement of the means. According to him, the production of meat will stop in the next hundred years, because it will be very expensive. It usually costs 20 pounds of feed to prepare one pound of meat. Producing so little meat, and spending so much on vegetation, is a total loss deal. For this, the power of fertile land cannot be wasted, which will be used to make things like paper, feed them to animals and then produce meat is sheer waste. What is less enough to save space and feed for a few cows that give milk? This will also happen when humans can be prepared for location and dosage reduction. Vegetables like Soyabean make milk and curd easily. Ghee is a type of oil. The need for lubrication can be fulfilled by oil, then what is the need for ghee? Artificial meat can be easily prepared by adding protein and bacteria to the oil.

The future is seen

Roads consume a lot of lands and wherever they become paved, they destroy the fertility of the land. The amount of land that the roads have occupied these days and are going to be covered in future, that land destruction will have to be seriously considered. Roads will either be built underground, or flight systems will meet the need for transportation. On the land surrounded by roads, large crops of nutritious variety and weeds that are cut several times a year will be planted. Vegetables will have to be used for food purposes, only then will the stomach of the man be filled. The habit of eating food these days will have to be given up at that time. The proportion of seeds remains very small in comparison to the size expansion of the cereal plant. Most of the crops go in the form of powder. Even now, powdered fodder is eaten by the animals, if there will be no animals in the future, then there will be no use for the fodder. In such a situation, you will have to make a habit of eating whole grass. After all, other vegetarian animals also live by eating grass, then why should humans object to it? Proteins and other vital elements are present in sufficient quantity in the grass. Grass powder can give the work of flour. According to the need, other things can also be added to it, but the flour will be made of grass only. The trend of cereals will also have to be boycotted in the next few days like animal meat. Fake milk, fake curd, fake ghee, fake meat etc. When all the food items start becoming artificial, then why would anyone insist on eating cereal flour? In a few days, people will be ready to eat grass flour.

Trees are necessary for humans to keep getting a clean breath. A man gets enough air to breathe in 25 square feet of land. Therefore, tree gardens will have to be arranged in an open space. Then only the roads will not have to be eliminated, the houses will also be built several storeys high. One floor houses will not be visible anywhere. The land that surrounds the dwelling has to be saved. To grow vegetation, it will be necessary that it should not be surrounded by houses. This problem will be possible only with the practice of building several storeys high houses. This tall building will also invite many natural hazards. It will cause many diseases in living beings.

To make the grass diet more nutritious, new sources of protein will have to be included in it. Yeast-Bacterium (Bacteria), (Mould), and Algae will be prominent among them. If groundnut, soybean, and coconut oil are added to the food items in the popular oil-based plants, then the grass flour will become much more nutritious and tasty than the popular wheat flour. Proteins are 10-12 per cent in wheat, 8-6 per cent in rice and 20-22% in fish and meat. Removing this diet and using new sources of protein will easily provide much more nutritional value. Yeast contains 55% protein, 80% bacteria and 25% in algae. Using them in such a condition will solve the problem a lot.

will have to live !!

The French scientist had succeeded in making a good protein from the microbes found in the form of production from the petroleum industry. Compared to the cost of protein-meat production, it is two and a half thousand times cheaper and takes less time. In such a situation man will have to take his shelter.

The use of the marine plant Chlorella as food is popular in Japan. England is engaged in making protein from grass. The belief that soybean milk will be able to meet the requirement of cow milk is infusing innovative hope among food researchers. There is also a lot of attractiveness in cheapness in the possibility of producing 10 litres of milk from one kg of soybean. In qualities, it is being told as equal.

There will be a lot of change in the cooking system. The amount of space needed now for storing raw grains, stove for cooking and for keeping cooked items safe, that much space will not be wasted in future. As soon as food, vegetables etc. are produced, they will be prepared in the form of ready-made food in the big industry and that dry element will be sealed in packets.

Mountains have to be made flat. The rocky land which will not be able to become cultivable will be used for residence and industry, and cities and villages will be settled on it. Timber stones, cement etc. will be made by grinding the mountains, so that not even a single piece of fertile land is wasted in these works. The requirement of houses will be met by using plastic or artificial instead of wood.

American science writer Isaac Asimov has told statistics that the crisis that will arise in the next 40 years due to the increasing population, is the main problem of reduction in the necessities of life. Air, water and food, these three things are such, based on which man survives.

Even then, the problems arising due to population growth will not be solved. A terrible side effect of population growth will not only be in the form of a lack of food but there will also be a shortage of potable water. Hence there is a need to take appropriate steps. There is very little time left for this dream to come true. The deserved respect has to be returned to nature.

Save soil

जीवन का आधार

वृक्ष जीवन के आधार हैं, इस सृष्टि के शृंगार हैं। कार्बन डाइऑक्साइड और अन्य विषैले तत्त्वों को अवशोषित करते हैं तथा ऑक्सीजन एवं शुद्ध वायु को वायुमंडल में छोड़ते हैं। प्राणवायु के स्रोत के रूप में इनकी भूमिका अतुलनीय है। इसलिए आश्चर्य नहीं कि वृक्षों से जुड़े ऐसे स्थल स्वास्थ्यवर्द्धक सेनिटोरियम के रूप में विकसित किए जाते हैं और इनसान ही नहीं, जीव जंतु भी इनकी छत्रछाया में शांति को अनुभव करते हैं और स्वास्थ्य लाभ पाते हैं। वृक्ष से हीन किसी स्थल में शायद ही कोई जीव अपनी पसंद से रहना चाहे। कंक्रिट के जंगल में तब्दील हो रही बस्तियों व शहरों में रह रहे लोग बता सकते हैं कि किस तरह वे जीवन की सारी सुख-सुविधाओं के होते हुए भी एक दमघोंटू नारकीय जीवन जीने के लिए विवश अनुभव करते हैं; जबकि हरे-भरे वृक्षों से सुशोभित स्थल पर मन प्रफुल्लित होता है, इनकी शीतल छाँह तले जीवन कैसे शांति-सुकून की गोद में साँस ले रहा होता है।

आश्चर्य नहीं कि दूरदर्शी योजनाकार शहरों में हरे भरे पाक से लेकर उद्यानों को ऑक्सीजन पॉकेट के रूप में तैयार करते हैं, जो फिर बड़े शहरों के लिए फेफड़ों का काम करते हैं। वायु ही नहीं ये ध्वनि एवं भू-प्रदूषण को भी नियंत्रण करने में सहायक होते हैं। साथ ही गरम वायुमंडल में ठंढक प्रदान करते हैं। पाया गया है कि वृक्षों से मिलने वाली ठंढक से 50 प्रतिशत तक एयर कन्डिशनर की आवश्यकता को कम किया जा सकता है। इसके साथ ही वृक्षों से उपलब्ध फल-फूल, आहार एवं औषधियाँ जीवन का आधार हैं। मनुष्य ही नहीं, हर प्राणी इनसे पोषण पाता है। मानव को जहाँ इनसे नाना प्रकार के फल, अन्न एवं जीवनदायिनी औषधियाँ मिलती हैं तो वहीं प्रकृति की गोद में विचरण कर रहे जीव-जंतु तो पूर्णतया इन्हीं पर निर्भर होते हैं और इनके आश्रय में रहकर जीवनयापन करते हैं।

योग्य कदम उठाने होगे !!

बिना वृक्षों के प्रकृति की इस व्यवस्था की कल्पना भी नहीं की जा सकती। जहाँ वनों का कटाव हो रहा है, प्रकृति का मानव द्वारा शोषण हो रहा है, वहाँ कितनी ही प्रजातियाँ नष्ट हो चुकी हैं व कितनी ही विलुप्त होने के कगार पर हैं। अधिकाधिक वृक्षों के रोपण व वनों के संरक्षण के आधार पर ही मानवीय सभ्यता को इस त्रासदी से बचाया जा सकता है और धरती के भविष्य को सुरक्षित किया जा सकता है। वृक्षों से आच्छादित धरती का आवरण जलवायु निर्माण एवं पर्यावरण संरक्षण का एक बड़ा आधार है। घने जंगल आकाश में मँडरा रहे बादलों को आकर्षित करते हैं और वर्षा का कारण बनते हैं और ऐसे वन जैव विविधता के समृद्ध स्रोत होते हैं। हरियाली का यह कवच पृथ्वी में जलवायु नियंत्रण से लेकर पर्यावरण शोधन में अपनी भूमिका निभा रहा है और बारिश में भूस्खलन से लेकर बाढ़ आदि को नियंत्रित करता है। यही कारण है, मिट्टी की गुणवत्ता यही आधार हैं। मिट्टी और पेड़ यह एक दूसरे के पूरक आधार है। जहा पेड़ वातावरण से सूर्य से ऊर्जा को ग्रहण कर मिट्टी को प्रदान करते है तो मिट्टी अपनी उत्पादक क्षमता को अन्न के रूप में मां प्रकृति को लौटाती हैं। इसलिए पेड़ो के साथ मिट्टी का संरक्षण महत्व पूर्ण हैं।

पिछले दशकों में वनों के अंधाधुंध कटाव एवं अनियोजित विकास कार्यों के चलते बाढ़ से लेकर बादल फटने की घटनाएँ बढ़ी हैं और भारी तबाही का कारण बन रही हैं। पहाड़ों में भूस्खलन और इससे उपजी लोमहर्षक दुर्घटनाओं का सिलसिला थमने का नाम नहीं ले रहा है। भारत में 2021 की बरसात में इसका भयंकर स्वरूप अपने चरम पर दिखा है और आगे के लिए सँभलकर चलने की चेतावनी देता प्रतीत हुआ है। वृक्ष ही भूमि की उर्वरता से लेकर कृषिकार्य को सफल बनाने में अपना उल्लेखनीय योगदान देते हैं। इनके साथ जहाँ बंजर भूमि उपजाऊ हो जाती है तो वहीं रेगिस्तान के प्रसार पर नियंत्रण हो जाता है और भूमि के जलस्तर में भी वृद्धि होती है। मैदानों में भूमि का गिरता जलस्तर और पहाड़ों में सूखते प्राकृतिक जल स्रोतों को एक सीमा तक वृक्षारोपण के साथ हल किया जा सकता है। वहाँ के समझदार लोगों व नीति-निर्माताओं का कार्य बनता है कि वे ऐसे पेड़ अधिकाधिक मात्रा में लगाएँ, जो वायुमंडल एवं पृथ्वी जल स्तर में वृद्धि करे।

योग्य प्रयास

इसके साथ वृक्ष किसी भी देश के लिए आर्थिक स्थिति मजबूत बनाने में अपनी भुमिका निभाते है। फ्यूल से लेकर लकड़ियाँ हमें देते हैं व कितने ही उद्योगों के लिए कच्चा माल उपलब्ध कराते हैं। कागज उद्योग बहुत कुछ वृक्षों पर टिका हुआ है। वन्य संसाधनों से जुड़े उद्योग रोजगार का साधन बनते हैं और वृक्षों से प्राप्त विविध उत्पाद राष्ट्रीय आय में वृद्धि करते हैं। निस्संदेह रूप में हरी चादर के रूप में वृक्ष इस धरा के शृंगार हैं, जो किसी भी स्थान के प्राकृतिक सौंदर्य में चार चाँद लगाते हैं। इस तरह से ये पर्यटन का आधार हैं व सभी के लिए अपनी शीतल छाया के साथ शांति को स्थापित करते हैं। यह एक सुखद तथ्य है कि प्रकृति के संरक्षण के साथ जुड़े ईको टूरिज्म का चलन बढ़ा है। वृक्षों के सुनियोजित रोपण के साथ समृद्ध हो रही प्रकृति के आँचल में ऐसे पर्यटन को बढ़ावा दिया जा रहा है। अपने स्वभाव के कारण वृक्ष तनाव को भी कम करने में बहुत सहायक होते हैं। इस तरह मानसिक स्वास्थ्य में इनके योगदान को जा सकता है। यह मनुष्य को स्वास्थ प्रदान करते हैं। डिप्रेशन से लेकर एंजिटी जैसे रोगों को दूर करते है।

आध्यात्मिक रूप में वृक्ष मनुष्य जाति के शिक्षक हैं। बिना कुछ आशा-अपेक्षा के सिर्फ देने का भाव जहाँ इनका स्वभाव है, वहीं फलों से लदे रहने पर इनका झुक जाना मानव को उच्च भाव से जीवन में विनम्र रहने की प्रेरणा देता है। इसके साथ कार्बन डाइऑक्साइड से लेकर अन्य प्रदूषण को अवशोषित कर चारों ओर प्राणदायी वायु का संचार कर देता है। इतने गुणों को देखते हुए, वृक्षारोपण करना हमारा । पुनीत कर्तव्य बनता है। जितना अधिक हम इस धरा को इनकी हरी चूनर औढ़ा सकें, उतना ही हमारे लिए हितकर होगा। इस ओर भारत के आध्यत्मिक संस्थानों ने अपने कदम उठाए हैं। अखिल विश्व गायत्री परिवार, से लेकर ईशा फाउंडेशन के पूज्य सदगुरु द्वारा चलाई जा रही #save soil अभियान हो। यह महत्व पूर्ण निर्णय है, जिनका मानव जाति द्वारा स्वागत अवश्य होना चाहिए। शैक्षणिक संस्थान हो या अन्य बड़ी कंपनी हो जिनके द्वारा यह सक्रियता से अभियान पूर्ण हो। सबसे मुख्य कर्तव्य यही हैं की, प्रकृति की ओर लौटना।

when do we have to be thirsty??

Human society is heading towards destruction.

Today’s generation is surrounded by many problems. In today’s generation diseases, mental stress, and physical problems are stuck. Social value is being eliminated. Life is being seen from the point of view of physical pleasure. Because of natural disasters, problems, and temperature increases, today’s society is seen today. If the result is the type of cloud burst at the place, then it is dry at the place. As if it appears nature lost its balance. The finger is challenged by standing in front of nature. Environment Day is just celebrated on paper. Mother Nature always helps us all the time. We are going to give him a problem today by mankind. Global Warming This is not a common problem. It has come out as a big disaster, so it should be careful to deal with it.

One in the world is increasing the population, the other and the factories and industry are increasing. The need for drinking water for both of these inflammations is also increasing. To drink, for bathing, to wash, every person for kitchen and cleaning, every family needs water. As the level is raised, the need for water also increases. The account-drinking man puts the trees, fruits, flowers, grasses, and animals in their residence. The water demand grows for them all. Water should also be more sprayed on summer days. The factory asks for continuous water. The big factories demand as much water. Steaming thermal power plants and other machines expect water. Amendment and research institute also happens to use the use of a lot of water. In addition to cleaning the cities, the need for extra water for cleaning flush, sewer lines and drains etc.

Know ??

All the people of agriculture and horticulture are alive on the water and forest property on the water. Can not walk without water in animal farming. Fodder should be compulsory and there are also how many known unknown bases, for which there is a continuous need for water, This whole water meets clouds. The snow, which flows on the mountains, the rivers flow, is virtually a grant of clouds. Steam travels by the sea from the sun’s heat as clouds. The river drain, wells, ponds, and waterfalls start flowing. The above requirements are met. Along with population growth, the increase in water flora, food, and shock, the animal dynasty has increased much more than before the water demand. This demand is becoming more furious. So far all the work has been going on from the clouds. The instruments of irrigation are completed only by the river, and ponds. Whatever they have, the clouds are the same. It is clear that what is being given by the clouds, falls less to fulfilling the requirements. Drinking water is worried about getting more quantity so that it is possible to keep going to meet the need of human animals, flora, and factories. No control over the clouds. When they want to cure the water. They can not be bound to meet the requirement. If they are rainy, then indiscriminately unaccounted. In the rain, they spread so much water that it is not possible to collect it on earth and it reaches a large amount of sea. After that, the remaining eight months remain clean. In the days of summer, the drop-drops have to crave water. In these circumstances, humans have to be constrained to explore other means of water, otherwise, life will be rare due to the water crisis in a few days. How will the work run when the water will be reduced to the dirt excuses, growing greenery and bathing? Whose factory will continue your stir?

America’s population is almost 30 million. There are thirteen thousand gallons every day behind the cost of water spent in agriculture and animal husbandry. Water spent in domestic works and industries also sits almost around. Thus there are 26 thousand gallons of water due for every person there is always needed. Even if the population is very sparse and water source, it is also worried that the need for water in the upcoming century will be presented in front of a crisis. India’s population is about three times more than America’s, but the water instrument is somewhere less. Take Mumbai alone in big cities, then there are 40 million gallons needed. This is the plight of other cities in the modulator. Most agricultural production in the rustic region is dependent on rain. In the year when the rain is low, it has to face a fierce drought that year. The life of humans and animals is created. If the arrangement of human accrued water in these areas can be a solution to the food problem. The sight goes to the sea to explore a new water base. More than two-thirds of the earth have been dipped by sea, But it is saline. Using any of the above requirements can not be fulfilled. What type of drinks should be made to this saltwater, the hope of life in the future is being centred these days. In this context, the nation appointed a commission, which has presented a detailed report on the water problem and its solution by visiting 46 major countries of the world. The summary of this report has been published in the form of a book called Purification of Salt Water in progressive countries, in which the main suggestion is that more attention should be given to the purification of seawater, Yo rainwater.

It has also been said to stop the water of the invisible rivers from flowing into the depths of the land and it has been said that the water which gets water in the form of a grant and mountain ice, should be used to be used. A plan for the nearest countries near the north and south pole is that the need for drinking water should be completed and it will be relatively cheap and it will be easy. As much as drinking water throughout the world, 80 per cent of the part has been banned in the Limbic of Dhruva Pradesh. In this area, the giant section of the snow seems to swim in the sea and make it like a snow island. They keep walking around the sea waves and air pressure. By arresting the snow mountains of the South Pole, it can be brought to complete the need for water in South America, Australia and Africa. Similarly, the snow mountain of the North Pole can fulfil the requirement of a large area, although the number will be reduced. US Scientist Dr William Cancus and Dr Wilford Weeks presented their report in an International Symposium on the Hydrology of Glaciers convened in Cambridge, England for this purpose, and to catch the snow mountains With the help of land satellites, it can be traced with how and how many snow mountain are visiting in which area? 85 per cent of these mountains are immersed in water and the remaining 20 per cent appear above the surface.

They can be dragged by five and a thousand miles. They can take four to five months to travel so much. It is worrying about the two reasons in the relatively hot atmosphere in a relatively hot environment in the period and the period, even then, the water will be cheaper than the water, as the people living on the ground are available according to the average. It has been calculated that the snow mountain will be brought to two-thirds and one-third remaining from Australia. The snow mountain will remain the remaining 15 per cent dragged from Ras to South America. The slow trick has been deemed to be more profitable so that the resistance of the waves can not be higher than the resistance of snow. Fungal water of 78 thousand Horsepower can drag it with ease of half draft. Walking from your port to reach the snow mountain and come back in coming back and then the cost that will cost in making drinking water by melting that ice, it will be affordable, which is spent in getting water from its traditional means.

The biggest thing is that due to the water of ice, the distilled water level will be free from very useful, clean and harmful elements in terms of health. Looking at his level, if the cost is more, it can also be tolerated. The second remedy has been thought that extremely giant molecules are made on the side of the sea, the artificial clouds from their heat should be generated, and the artificial rivers should be brilliant by cooling them and resolving the problem of drinking water by stopping them. The third solution is that rainwater reaches the sea in the rivers, it should be stopped by the binds and then the problem of drinking water will be solved. The other and third measures are filled with risk. Seawater will die after getting excessive heat, the weather of the coastal areas will be heated and the water loss will be generated by reaching the heat to the pole territories and a large part of the earth will be submerged. So big molecule furnaces will not even know what to stand? With the third solution, it is a danger that when the water of the rivers will reach the water, they will start drying.

Will increase the water and the clouds will stop rising from that heavy water, then what work did the river stop by stopping the water? The stroller of poles can not go far too far. They will be able to raise their country, who are not far away from there. All the measures above are uncertain and incomplete; But what? The increasing demand for drinking water will have to be fulfilled. Otherwise, for drinking, agriculture, for factories, there will be a huge decrease in cleaning and due to the problem of production and cleanliness due to that case, humans will be unimaginable by hunger, dirt and illness. All these problems are causing an increasing population. If there was foresight in humans, then he experiences the violation of raising the population and prevents his hand from him; But today it does not look at it and does not seem to resolve the question of drinking water. Man will have to suffer from the unnecessary penalty of his stupidity, today. It is estimated that this odd situation will be present in front of the world in front of the next decade.

Human Life vs plastics

There are eight towns in India including the country’s capital Delhi and the country’s economic capital of Mumbai, whose speed never stops, but in a few years, the plastics have emerged by holding their speed. Unfortunately, these cities that decide the direction of the country’s economy are not in a position to tolerate minor rain. In a few minutes, their alley-mohallas are drowned, and the life gets stuck. If the time is not removed from the time of continuously trapping and growing plastic waste in the drainage line of big cities, then this crisis can be even deeper in the coming time. Due to the scattered plastic garbage around today, the drainage system is becoming demolished and the flood is like a flood is causing.

If talking about four metropolises (Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai), if you talk about Bangalore, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Dehradun, Ranchi and Patna, more than five per cent of the population lives in these cities. These cities are also making important contributions to speed up the country’s economy, but these cities are now being buried under the plastic burden. The question arises, how much rain can our city be suffered? The first talk about two major cities of the country. Every time there is rainwater in rainy rain, only 25 mm of rain can be caught in the rain. After this, the boat will be run in the city. Similarly, the country’s capital Delhi can only face 60 millimetres. According to the research report of IIT Delhi professor “AK Gosai”, published a few days ago, the biggest reason for jumping the drainage system of Delhi has become plastic garbage. At the top of the country’s capital in plastic garbage production, there is a recipient of the total plastic waste in Kolkata, which is once known as the country’s capital, it can be recycled. Similarly, due to the famous Bangalore-IT sector, the name ‘Silicon Valley’ has been famous today, but plastic garbage in the city is also increasing in the same proportion. Because of this, the capacity of its drainage network has also remained halfway. In 2015, the circumstances of Chennai have suffered the flood of the flood. Delhi is at the forefront of generating plastic garbage. Here, the condition of a waterfall is generated from 60 mm. 689.52 tonnes of plastic garbage is born every day in the country’s capital, but the recycling system is very weak. Less than 50 microns is restricted in Delhi, but it is not being followed by hardness.

Similarly, Mumbai can be caught by 25 mm. 9500 metric tons of garbage here emerges, including 3 per cent plastic waste. Most of the 1987 kilometres long open drains of Mumbai become jam due to waste. Rainwater exhaust in Mumbai – the system is 525 km long, which is insufficient. Kolkata is still behind in the area of recycling. Although there is the ability to withstand 75 mm rainfall in the drainage system of Kolkata, however, the problem of waterproofing in 4-6 per cent of the areas is from plastic waste. Here is more than 5 trash plastic and only ten part of that plastic waste can be recycled. Talking about a big city like Bangalore, the ability of the drainage network has remained halfway. Bangalore is only capable of suffering from 45 millimetres; While its capacity used to withstand 80 mm rain. Now 4000 tons of garbage is produced every day, in which 20 per cent of garbage is plastic. Chennai Metropolis, whose ability to endure is only 30 millimetres. Here, 4500 metric tons of garbage emerges, it is estimated to include plastic garbage more than 429 metric tons. The plastic stake in everyday life is approximately 6 per cent, which comes from industrial plastic, about 2 per cent. Every day 1000 metric tons of garbage in Patna is 300 metric tonnes of plastic garbage. Here are 11 thousand catches and menthol plastic trapped due to often jammed. Water conditions are created by one hour in Patna. Similarly, 4500 metric tons of garbage every day in Hyderabad. It contains 5 per cent garbage plastic, which goes to 40 per cent garbage drain, which causes the problem of being drained. 90 per cent of the plastic was stopped due to the waste. This city can catch 30 millimetres continuously.

71 per cent of Lucknow remains garbage in the drains. 100-120 tons polyethene and plastic waste in Lucknow. Here are more than 50 per cent complaints to be drained. Here 1500 metric tons of garbage is born every day. In this city, 20 out of 28 major drains become jammed due to waste. If they think of their solution, the ban on plastic is not a permanent solution, but we have to find the measures of a positive use of plastic waste. This thinking of ‘Plastic Man’ Professor Rajagopalan Vasudevan inspired him to find the method of road construction from plastic waste. In 2002, Vasudevan had presented a research paper on to use of plastic waste in road construction.

Which country has greatly appreciated abroad? In 2004, he came out with the advanced version of research. All the countries showed interest in the technology of the Vasudevan to make the road from plastic waste. They were offered the price offer, but they handed their technology to the Government of India for free. Under this technique, the first plastic waste break into fine particles of the same size, then put in the slurry of Asphalt, heated at 170 Digi Celsius temperature. This material is very strong and durable eco-friendly road prepared, which has a lot of cost of construction cost and maintenance. Vasudevan made the first road based on his technique in the Thiagarzer Engineering College campus of the Motor. After this many small towns of 12 states began to adopt their method of road construction from plastic waste. In 2015, the Center made the use of plastic waste in the 50-meter scope of more than 5 lakh populated cities compulsory. When Indore, Indore, Indore has been declared the second largest city in the country, the reason behind it was better to control plastic waste. Here was a big reason to spread garbage. If the provision was made on its use, then people reduced their use.

The shopkeeper has now started giving the standard level polyethene here. Indore Municipal Corporation has first deleted garbage sticks from the city. The garbage was collected from the home-house. The Municipal Corporation made such a system that the shops started to get garbage at night and the cleaning of the markets was also started. Indore Municipal Corporation made garbage trains with a leaked cubic meter, which holds the ability to collect garbage from one thousand homes. First, this capacity was limited to 300 houses, which has now reached a large geographical area. Now the cycle of cleaning in Indore city runs 24 hours. Women are submitting wet and dry garbage to the municipal corporation. Here are the ambassadors of the cleaning, so that they can also take the elders if there is a decrease in cleanliness. Hygiene committees have been formed in schools and colleges. In this way, the use of Indore city is inspirational for many.

Here is a memory that, the Emergency was held due to plastic waste in Halifax city of Canada, but many cities of the world are using unique to deal with plastic waste. Similar is plan-bring plastic garbage, eat food for free. There is no need to have money in your pocket to enjoy your favourite tea, coffee or snacks in London’s ‘The Ravish Cafe’. There can also be eaten food in the house, including the help of plastic waste, provided garbage is worth recycling. The ‘E-Cover’ organization has taken adventure initiatives to open the resistors of the Rabish Café ‘to deal with the growing burden of plastic waste on the earth. Under this scheme, two days in the month, in this restaurant, the customer pays the bill from plastic waste in two days, which is later sent to the recycling plant. Not only this, ‘The Ravish Cafe’ runs on the principle of ‘Zero-West menu’. In this, the customers are served under the policy of ‘First Come First Pao’ by making a fixed amount of dish, so that the food is not cluttered. Similarly, the steel bottles of steel in place of plastic in the Principe Island. ‘We are coming, changing your plastic bottles. Have you gathered bottles? ‘ – The biosphere reserve team of Principe Island, located in Africa, is filed in the island with the same announcement at the interval of every three months. Once they reached the ‘Bottle Depot’ on the main intersection of the island. In the hands of all, the bore of plastic bottles is seen. On returning 50 bottles, the Biosphere Reserve team gives steel bottles, which can be used repeatedly. The Principe administration started the ‘No Plastic’ scheme with UNESCO in 2013 to make the island plastic. He has been successful in raising more than 8 million bottles of plastic till March 2021. As a similar example, not forgetting and throwing the Bashinde Plastic Garbage of Indonesia’s Mangal and throw, even when it comes to health insurance. Even if not sure, the non-governmental organization named ‘Indonesia Medica’ is operating the ‘Garbage Clinical Insurance’ scheme in Mason since 2010. Under this, local people take advantage of health insurance by depositing plastic garbage worth recycling in ‘West Insurance Clinic’. On handing 4.5 pounds (about 2 kg) plastic garbage, they are given insurance of 10 thousand Indonesian rupees, which is quite enough to raise the normal disease of normal disease. To raise the amount of beam sells the plastic garbage recalling plant in NGO clinic.

Malaysia is less precious than gold, plastic has been competing for plastic garbage raising in Malaysia these days. A startup named ‘Hello Gold’ has started the ‘E-Gold’ scheme together with the Reserve Wedding Machine (RVM) company ‘Clean’. Under this, ‘e-Gold’ is put into customers’ accounts on depositing plastic bottles and tin. ‘E-Gold’ can be redeemed according to the price of gold. To take advantage of the scheme, ‘Hello Gold App’ is to be downloaded, then ‘e-gold’ is connected to the account on the plastic bottle in 500 ‘Clean RVM’ machines across the country. ‘Hello, Gold’ is offering ‘e-Gold’ equivalent to 0.00059 grams of gold instead of a plastic bottle or tin can. There are many such efforts around the world, which are being made to manage plastic waste, which can be resolved by the basis.

There is much research on plastic. Today’s plastic waste will hold the form of a very big problem. There is no awareness of the people in the logo. Plastic circulation is large in online shopping, packed food, and other ways. Every small thing is available in the packing method today. This is why we are increasing the plastic. Not only taught in any school and college, how are the useful use of plastic? How can plastic work from other ways, i.e. plastic option is needed today? The government also promotes the recycling industry. Try to find plastic options for small things. It should be started by itself.

जिस दिन प्यासा रहना होगा??

आज की पीढ़ी अनेक समस्या से घिरी हुई है। आज की जनरेशन रोगों से , मानसिक तनाव, शारीरिक समस्या में जकड़ी हुई हैं। सामाजिक मूल्य को खत्म किया जा रहा हैं। जीवन को भौतिक सुख के नज़रिए से देखा जा रहा है। जिस कारण वश प्राकृतिक आपदा, समस्या, तापमान में बढ़ोतरी, मानसिक विकृति से भरा आज समाज नजर आता हैं। जिसके परिणाम स्वरूप कही जगह पर बादल फटने का प्रकार होता है, तो कही जगह पर सुखा पड़ा रहता है। जैसे मानो प्रतीत होता है प्रकृति ने अपना बैलेंस खो दिया। मानव कुदरत के सामने उंगली खड़ी कर उसे चुनौती दे रहा है। पर्यावरण दिवस सिर्फ कागज पर मनाए जाता है। मां प्रकृति हमे हर समय हमारी मदद करती है। हम उसे धन्यवाद देने की जगह उसे समस्या देने का काम आज मानव जाति के द्वारा हो रहा है। ग्लोबल वार्मिग यह कोई सामान्य समस्या नहीं है। यह बड़ी आपदा के रूप में सामने आई है, इसे सावधान रहकर निपटना चाहिए।

संसार में एक ओर जनसंख्या की वृद्धि हो रही है, दूसरी और कारखाने और उद्योग-धंधे बढ़ रहे हैं। इन दोनों ही अभिवृद्धियों के लिए पेयजल की आवश्यकता भी बढ़ती चली जा रही है। पीने के लिए, नहाने के लिए, कपड़े धोने के लिए, रसोई एवं सफाई के लिए हर व्यक्ति को, हर परिवार को पानी चाहिए। जैसे-जैसे स्तर ऊँचा उठता जाता है, उसी मात्रा से पानी की आवश्यकता भी बढ़ती है। खाते-पीते आदमी अपने निवास स्थान में पेड़-पौधे, फल-फूल, घास-पात लगाते हैं, पशु पालते हैं। इन सबके लिए पानी की माँग और बढ़ती है। गर्मी के दिनों में भी ज्यादा छिड़काव के लिए पानी चाहिए।

कारखाने निरंतर पानी माँगते हैं। जितना बड़ा कारखाना उतनी बड़ी पानी की माँग । भाप पर चलने वाले थर्मल पॉवर प्लांट तथा दूसरी मशीनें पानी की अपेक्षा करती हैं। संशोधन और शोध संस्थान में भी ढेरों पानी की मात्रा का उपयोग प्रयोग के लिए होता है। शहरों में फ्लश , सीवर लाइनें तथा नाली आदि की सफाई के लिए अतिरिक्त पानी की जरूरत पड़ती है। कृषि और बागवानी का सारा दारोमदार ही पानी पर ठहरा हुआ हरियाली एवं वन संपदा पानी पर ही जीवित हैं। पशु पालन में बिना पानी के चल नही सकता। चारा-पानी अनिवार्य रूप में चाहिए और भी न जाने कितने ज्ञात-अज्ञात आधार हैं, जिनके लिये पानी की निरंतर जरूरत पड़ती हैं।

यह सारा पानी बादलों से मिलता है। पहाड़ों पर जमने वाली बर्फ, जिसके पिघलने से नदियाँ बहती हैं, वस्तुतः बादलों का ही अनुदान है। सूर्य की गर्मी से समुद्र द्वारा उड़ने वाली भाप बादलों के रूप में भ्रमण करती है। उनकी वर्षा से नदी-नाले, कुएँ, तालाब, झरने-बहने लगते है। उन्हीं से उपरोक्त आवश्यकताएँ पूरी होती हैं। जनसंख्या वृद्धि के साथ-साथ वृक्ष वनस्पतियों की, अन्न, शाक, पशु वंश की जो वृद्धि होती चली जा रही है, उसने पानी की माँग को पहले की अपेक्षा कहीं अधिक बढ़ा दिया है। यह माँग दिन-दिन अधिकाधिक उग्र होती जा रही है। बादलों के अनुदान से ही अब तक सारा काम चलता रहा है। सिंचाई के साधन नदी, तालाब, कुँओं से ही पूरे किये जाते हैं। इनके पास जो कुछ है, बादलों की ही देन है। स्पष्ट है कि बादलों के द्वारा जो कुछ दिया जा रहा है, वह आवश्यकताओं की पूर्ति के लिए कम पड़ता है। संसार भर में पेयजल अधिक मात्रा में प्राप्त करने की चिंता व्याप्त है, ताकि मनुष्यों की पशुओं की, वनस्पतियों की, कारखानों की आवश्यकता को पूरा करते रहना संभव बना रहे।

बादलों पर किसी का नियंत्रण नहीं। वे जब चाहें जितना पानी बरसायें। उन्हें आवश्यकता पूरी करने के लिए बाध्य नहीं किया जा सकता है। वे बरसते भी हैं, तो अंधाधुंध बेहिसाब। वर्षा में वे इतना पानी फैला देते हैं कि पृथ्वी पर उसका संग्रह कर सकना संभव नहीं होता और वह बहकर बड़ी मात्रा में समुद्र में जा पहुँचता है। इसके बाद शेष आठ महीने आसमान साफ रहता है। गर्मी के दिनों में तो बूँद-बूँद पानी के लिए तरसना पड़ता है। इन परिस्थितियों में मनुष्यों को जल के अन्य साधन-स्रोत तलाश करने के लिए विवश होना पड़ रहा है, अन्यथा कुछ ही दिनों में जल संकट के कारण जीवन दुर्लभ हो जायेगा। गंदगी बहाने, हरियाली उगाने और स्नान-रसोई के लिए भी जब पानी कम पड़ जायेगा, तो काम कैसे चलेगा ? कारखाने किसके सहारे अपनी हलचल जारी रखेंगे ?

अमेरिका की आबादी लगभग तीस करोड़ है। वहाँ कृषि एवं पशुपालन में खर्च होने वाले पानी का खर्च प्रति मनुष्य के पीछे प्रतिदिन तेरह हजार गैलन आता है। घरेलू कामों में तथा उद्योगों में खर्च होने वाला पानी भी लगभग इतना ही बैठता है। इस प्रकार वहाँ हर व्यक्ति के पीछे २६ हजार गैलन पानी की नित्य जरूरत पड़ती है। यहाँ की आबादी विरल और जल स्रोत बहुत हैं, तो भी चिंता की जा रही है, कि आगामी शताब्दी में पानी की आवश्यकता एक संकट के रूप में सामने प्रस्तुत होगी। भारत की आबादी अमेरिका की तुलना में लगभग तीन गुनी अधिक है, किंतु जल साधन कहीं कम हैं। बड़े शहरों में अकेले मुंबई को ही लें, तो वहाँ की जरूरत 40 करोड़ गैलन हो पाती है। यही दुर्दशा न्यूनाधिक मात्रा में अन्य शहरों की है। देहाती क्षेत्र में अधिकांश कृषि उत्पादन वर्षा पर निर्भर है। जिस साल वर्षा कम होती है, उस साल भयंकर सूखे का सामना करना पड़ता है। मनुष्यों और पशुओं की जान पर बन आती है। यदि इन क्षेत्रों में मानव उपार्जित जल की व्यवस्था हो सके, तो खाद्य समस्या का समाधान हो सकता है।

नये जल-आधार तलाश करने में दृष्टि समुद्र की ओर ही जाती है। धरती का दो-तिहाई से भी अधिक भाग समुद्र से डूबा पड़ा है; किंतु वह है खारा। जिसका उपयोग उपरोक्त आवश्यकताओं में से किसी की भी पूर्ति नहीं कर सकता। इस खारे जल को पेय किस प्रकार बनाया जाय, इसी केंद्र पर भविष्य में मनुष्य जीवन की आशा इन दिनों केंद्रीभूत हो रही है। इस संदर्भ में राष्ट्रसंघ ने एक आयोग नियुक्त किया था, जिसने संसार के ४६ प्रमुख देशों में दौरा करके जल समस्या और उसके समाधान के संबंध में विस्तृत रिपोर्ट प्रस्तुत की है। इस रिपोर्ट का सारांश राष्ट्रसंघ ने प्रगतिशील देशों में खारे पानी का शुद्धीकरण’ नामक पुस्तक के रूप में प्रकाशित किया है, जिसमें प्रमुख सुझाव यही है कि समुद्री जल के शुद्धीकरण पर अधिकाधिक ध्यान दिया जाना चाहिए। यो वर्षा के जल को समुद्र

रोकने के लिए तथा जमीन की गहराई में बहने वाली अदृश्य नदियों का पानी ऊपर खींच लाने को भी महत्त्व दिया गया है और कहा गया है कि बादलों के अनुदान तथा पर्वतीय बर्फ के रूप में जो जल मिलता है, उसका भी अधिक सावधानी के साथ सदुपयोग किया जाना चाहिए।

उत्तर और दक्षिण ध्रुव-प्रदेशों के निकटवर्ती देशों के लिए एक योजना यह है कि उधर समुद्र में सैर करते-फिरने वाले हिम पर्वतों को पकड़ कर पेय जल की आवश्यकता पूरी की जाए, तो यह अपेक्षाकृत सस्ता पड़ेगा और सुगम रहेगा। संसार भर में जितना पेयजल है, उसका ८० प्रतिशत भाग ध्रुव-प्रदेश एंटार्कटिक के हिमावरण (आइसकैप) में बँधा पड़ा है। इस क्षेत्र में बर्फ के विशालकाय खंड अलग होकर समुद्र में तैरने लगते हैं और अपने ही आकार मे हिम द्वीप जैसा बना लेते हैं। वे समुद्री लहरों और हवा के दबाव से इधर-उधर सैर-सपाटे करते रहते हैं। दक्षिण ध्रुव के हिम पर्वतों को गिरफ्तार करके दक्षिण अमेरिका, आस्ट्रेलिया और अफ्रीका में पानी की आवश्यकता पूरी करने के लिए खींच लाया जा सकता है। इसी प्रकार उत्तर ध्रुव के हिम पर्वत एक बड़े क्षेत्र की आवश्यकता पूरी कर सकते हैं, यद्यपि उसमें संख्या कम मिलेगी।

अमेरिका के वैज्ञानिक डॉ० विलियम कैंबेल और डॉ० विल्फर्ड वीकस ने इसी प्रयोजन के लिए कैंब्रिज, इंग्लैंड में बुलाई गई एक इंटरनेशनल सिंपोजियम आन दि हाइड्रोलॉजी ऑफ ग्लेशियर्स में अपना प्रतिवेदन प्रस्तुत करते हुए कहा था—हिम पर्वतों को पकड़ने की योजना को महत्त्व दिया जाना चाहिए, ताकि पेयजल की समस्या को एक हद तक सस्ता समाधान मिल सके। भू-उपग्रहों की सहायता से फोटो लेकर यह पता लगाया जा सकता है, कि किस क्षेत्र में कैसे और कितने हिम पर्वत भ्रमण कर रहे हैं ? इन पर्वतों का 85 प्रतिशत भाग पानी में डूबा रहता है और शेष 20 प्रतिशत सतह से ऊपर दिखाई पड़ता है। इन्हें पाँच
एवं हजार मील तक घसीटकर लाया जा सकता है। इतना सफर करने में उन्हें चार-पाँच महीने लग सकते हैं। यह खर्चा और सफर की अवधि में अपेक्षाकृत गर्म वातावरण में बर्फ पिघलने लगना यह दो कारण यद्यपि चिंताजनक हैं, तो भी कुल मिलाकर वह पानी उससे सस्ता ही पड़ेगा, जितना कि हम जमीन पर रहने वालों को औसत हिसाब से उपलब्ध होता है।

हिसाब लगाया गया है कि ऐमेरी से आस्ट्रेलिया तक ढोकर लाया गया हिम पर्वत दो-तिहाई गल जायेगा और एक-तिहाई शेष रहेगा। रास से दक्षिण अमेरिका तक घसीटा गया हिम पर्वत 15 प्रतिशत ही शेष रहेगा। धीमी चाल से घसीटना अधिक लाभदायक समझा गया है, ताकि लहरों का प्रतिरोध कम पड़ने से बर्फ की बर्बादी अधिक न होने पाये। ७८ हजार हार्सपावर का एक टग जलयान आधा नाट की चाल से उसे आसानी के साथ घसीट सकता है। अपने बंदरगाह से चलकर हिम पर्वत तक पहुँचने और वापस आने में जो खर्च आयेगा और फिर उस बर्फ को पिघलाकर पेयजल बनाने में जो लागत लगेगी, वह उसकी अपेक्षा सस्ती ही पड़ेगी, जो म्युनिसपेलिटियाँ अपने परंपरागत साधनों से जल प्राप्त करने में खर्च करती हैं। सबसे बड़ी बात यह है कि बर्फ का जल, डिस्टिल्ड वाटर स्तर का होने के कारण स्वास्थ्य की दृष्टि से बहुत ही उपयोगी, स्वच्छ और हानिकारक तत्त्वों से सर्वथा रहित होगा। उसके स्तर को देखते हुए यदि लागत कुछ अधिक हो, तो भी उसे प्रसन्नतापूर्वक सहन किया जा सकता है। दूसरा उपाय यह सोचा गया है कि समुद्र के किनारे अत्यंत विशालकाय अणु भट्टियाँ लगाई जाएँ, उनकी गर्मी से कृत्रिम बादल उत्पन्न किये जाएँ, उन्हें ठंडा करके कृत्रिम नदियाँ बहाई जायें और उन्हें रोक-बाँधकर पेयजल की समस्या हल की जाए।

तीसरा उपाय यह है कि वर्षा का जल नदियों में होकर समुद्र में पहुँचता है, उसे बाँधों द्वारा रोक लिया जाए और फिर उनसे पेय जल की समस्या हल की जाए।दूसरे और तीसरे नंबर के उपाय जोखिम भरे हैं। अत्यधिक गर्मी पाकर समुद्री जलचर मर जायेंगे, तटवर्ती क्षेत्रों का मौसम गरम हो उठेगा और ध्रुव प्रदेशों तक उस गर्मी का असर पहुँचने से जल प्रलय उत्पन्न होगा और धरती का बहुत बड़ा भाग जलमग्न हो जायेगा। इतनी बड़ी अणु भट्टियाँ अपने विकरण से और भी न जाने क्या-क्या उपद्रव खड़े करेंगी ? तीसरे उपाय से यह खतरा है कि जब समुद्रों में नदियों का पानी पहुँचेगा ही नहीं, तो वे सूखने लगेंगे। खारापन बढ़ेगा और उस भारी पानी से बादल उठने ही बंद हो जायेंगे, तब नदियों का पानी रोकने से भी क्या काम चला ? ध्रुवों के घुमक्कड़ हिम द्वीप भी बहुत दूर तक नहीं जा सकते। उनका लाभ वे ही देश उठा सकेंगे, जो वहाँ से बहुत ज्यादा दूर नहीं हैं।

उपरोक्त सभी उपाय अनिश्चित एवं अधूरे हैं; पर इससे क्या ? पेय जल की बढ़ती हुई माँग तो पूरी करनी ही पड़ेगी। अन्यथा पीने के लिए, कृषि के लिए, कारखानों के लिए, सफाई के लिए भारी कमी पड़ेगी और उस अवरोध के कारण उत्पादन और सफाई की समस्या जटिल हो जाने से मनुष्य भूख, गंदगी और बीमारी से त्रसित होकर बेमौत मरेंगे।

यह सारी समस्याएँ बढ़ती हुई आबादी पैदा कर रही है। मनुष्य में यदि दूरदर्शिता होती, तो वह जनसंख्या बढ़ाने की विभीषिका अनुभव करता और उससे अपना हाथ रोकता; पर आज तो न यह होता दीखता है और न पेय जल का प्रश्न सुलझता प्रतीत होता है। मनुष्य को अपनी मूर्खता का सर्वनाशी दंड, आज नहीं तो कल भुगतना ही पड़ेगा। अनुमान है कि यह विषम परिस्थिति अगले दशक के अंत तक संसार के सामने गंभीर संकट के रूप में उपस्थित होगी।